Women Paul wrote to in Rome

Basic Outline of Romans

Ancient letters almost always followed a certain format, and you can find these elements in Paul’s other letters.  They always started out with a greeting, which is found here in the first verse. 

Next would always come a prayer, even if it was just a letter from you to your mom, you would always enclose a prayer to whatever was your family’s deity – Paul’s prayer is found in verse 7. 

Next would come a thank you section, you see it here in the next verse, 8. 

Then would come the main message the writer was writing the letter to say. 

Finally, the letter would be closed up with special salutations and personal greetings, and if you flip to chapter 16, that’s where Paul put his.

PART 1: Paul’s Prologue

Romans 1:1-17, Paul’s introductory remarks to the Christians in Rome

In the very first verse Paul gave his credentials, telling the church at Rome he was an apostle set apart for the gospel of God. 

Paul's approach to the gospel: it is good and worth receiving

He had a real love and compassion for the Romans

But his love didn't interfere with God's call in his life to preach the whole truth of the gospel

Paul stated his main subject in the first chapter: the gospel of God

– All people's righteousness comes only through the mercy of God in Christ, offered by the gospel and received through faith

– Paul was seeking to convince the readers of his letter of three things:

* They were dead in their sins, and any self-righteousness they felt concerning their guilt before God was worthless—it stood in the way of their salvation

* This guilt is true of everyone

* Once the people reading Paul's letter got past their own self-righteousness, they would be able to see how to be right with God, and what being right with God looked like.

 Paul concluded the gospel of God is the good news of salvation, an open invitation which is available to everyone who believes. The gospel is for everybody who will believe – it doesn’t matter who you are.

PART 2: Humanity’s Need for Christ

Romans 1:18 going all the way to Romans 4:25 The problem all humanity faces is the wrath of God, which is entirely justified.

God gives His diagnosis of the human condition: all of humankind is under God’s wrath.

Chapter 1: Gentiles are able to know God according to general revelation – nature, and their consciences.

Chapter 2: Jews are able to know God because of His special revelation to them – adoption as sons, divine glory, covenants, receiving the law, temple worship, God's promises and the patriarchs. But both Jews and Gentiles have failed to truly acknowledge God, since they violated His law, and none seeks God. That’s why there is still this problem of guilt: rites, rituals, and religion fail to remove it

Chapter 3: The world is dead in sin, therefore everyone is under sin and God's wrath; but now a righteousness from God is revealed.

Left on our own, you and I would reject God, refusing to submit our wills to the sovereign of the universe, insisting instead on making our own wills supreme. According to Romans, rejecting God is the essence of sin, and this sin of rejection deserves punishment. if Christ had not come to take our punishment on Himself, each one of us would be left with the natural consequences of our own sinful desires.

Just stop and think for a minute where you would be today if God had let you have and do every single thing you’ve ever wanted to have or do your whole life. What do you think it cost Jesus Christ to save you from your sin?

Chapter 4: Abraham illustrates God’s grace; he was justified by faith, not works.

Paul immediately announced that in Christ God has provided a righteousness that satisfies His holy requirements.

Christ has absorbed God's wrath in His death, and justified the wicked from every tribe and every nation by His resurrection.

This righteousness is received in the same way by both Jews and Gentiles – through faith alone, apart from works.

This righteousness from God through faith alone, apart from works, is demonstrated by Abraham and by King David.

PART 4: The Tremendous Scope of Salvation

Romans 5-8 God has secured our salvation from the condemnation of the law and its penalty and also from the domination of sin and death and their power

Through identification with Christ's death and resurrection through baptism, we are made new.

But we still continue to struggle with sin throughout life.

The only hope we have is to look outside ourselves to Christ.

The indwelling Holy Spirit testifies to our hearts about our free adoption, and keeps the hope alive in us that not only we but all creation are going to share in the final redemption.

Chapter 5: Rejoicing in our hope, in our suffering, in God our Friend.

Chapter 6: How to live by grace instead of law; slaves to righteousness, not sin.

Chapter 7: Our struggle against "the flesh” (our sinful nature).

Romans 8:1-17: Begins with one of the most awesome sentences in the whole Bible: “There is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ!!!!

Romans 8:18-39: The privilege of suffering for Christ; God works all things together for good for believers. Believers are justified by faith, united with Christ, released from the law, live under grace, are assured of our salvation, and are eternally secure. If you’ve been carrying around a bunch of guilt it will all melt away and you will begin to live in freedom and joy as you take it in week by week.

PART 5: God’s Plan for History

Romans 9-11 The Jews had a burning question: How can we trust this gospel if God has been unfaithful to His earlier promises to Israel? Paul’s answer is in this section.

Chapter 9 God’s sovereignty is demonstrated in the life of Israel. God has always maintained His prerogative of election even among the physical descendants of Abraham.

* But salvation is not a matter of physical descent.

* Salvation is not a matter of human decision or effort.

* Salvation is a matter of God's mercy alone.

Chapter 10 God has been faithful to His promises because even now an elect remnant is being saved among the Jews, as well as the Gentiles. Paul explained how to be saved, then asked: what about those who have never heard the gospel?

Chapter 11 Paul showed the hope of Israel and the hope of the church. After God adds alien Gentile branches to the tree of Israel, He will finally bring in the fullness of the Jews.

This is considered the most controversial section of Romans.

PART 6: Living Saved

Romans 12-15:13 Details the practical outworking of all the doctrine Paul had been teaching.

Chapter 12 Our identity with sacrificial worship, offering our bodies as living sacrifices to God for His glory and purposes

How to develop a Christian mind.

Humble use of our gifts in the body of Christ.

Loving acts of service and hospitality.

Romans 13:1-7 How to deal with the government, how to relate to authorities which God has placed over us.

Romans 13:8-14 How to deal with other people, how to authentically love one another.

Living in light of the future, not the darkness of the present.

Romans 14:1-15:13 Christian liberty; building up and accepting one another in the church.

Being a peacemaker between the "weak" and the "strong" within the body of Christ.

PART 6: Paul’s Postscript

Romans 15:14-16:27 Paul’s Greetings and concluding remarks.

This last section gives us a glimpse of Paul’s friends and his own heart for others. Paul was so real. He had needs just like everybody else, but he cared for others more than he cared for himself. He was willing to lay down his life if necessary for the people he loved. His example is for you and I to express appreciation of those who work alongside us in the cause of Christ.

Romans is the heart of the gospel of grace, the good news that God saves sinners, makes us holy, and prepares us to be with Him for all eternity.

Understanding the grace of God will deepen you more than anything else you can know.

All passages taken from the New International Version (NIV) Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.